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Revised Chronology

Last month I outlined major revisions to the Chronology of Asdar. The Great Flood has been pushed back in time over 6,000 years. Later periods of human history have been augmented by several centuries. The “present” year is still 2750 and the coming of Salmakhamer still denotes year one of the Isxinthion reckoning, but the other year dates have been pressed back in the numbering of the chronology. The fall of Yophenthe is now 986 AI rather than the former 1886 IR. The abbreviations used have also been changed to reflect the old and the new, revised chronology.  The old chronology used BA (Before Amrulon) to denote years before Salmakhamer and IR (Isxinthion Reckoning) to denote years after Salmakhamer.  The new chronology uses AS (Ante Salmakhamer) to denote years before the coming of Salmakhamer and AI (Anno Isxinthionum) to denote years after his coming.  It is possible that the designation IR will be restored after the chronology has been converted.

List of Books

This list refers to books in the broadest possible sense and includes books that record oral tradition and poetry, treatises, law, festschrifts, religious texts, handbooks, manuals, guides, and so forth.  Operas are also included as they have a libretto which is a text.

Format: Title of Work, Authorship, Publication/Creation Year, Subject, Language



The Abnegations of St. Treel, St. Treel of Zamphis, ca 1929 IR, Incarnandist doctrine of St. Treel, Ebinóëse

The Account of Lord Bragdathauch’s Expedition to Southern Skaligdae (Book)

The Amandal Plateau: Journeys and Reconciliations (Book)

Ambrinquan Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Ebinóëse Language

Among the Submarine Civilizations of the West Pallathantic, ?, 2300’s IR, MerfolkCities

Anatomy of the Great Dragon (Book)

Ancient Dragon Lairs of Shaddago (Book)

Ancient Dwarven Epigraphy of the Ithrads, {collaboration between Ithradic dwarf and Erechórebese human}, 2678 IR, stone inscriptions of the Ithrads, especially Tauhad surviving from the earliest times; Erechórebese Language

The Ancient Schism of the Skyfaring Forefathers of the Jaggudorns (Book)

The Anti-Printing Press Statutes and the Accord of the Princes of Law (Book), author, 2619 IR, origin of laws restricting printing press, Medibgóese Language

Archetypes of Gorcorumbese Titancraft Vessel Hulls

Architectural Motifs of Neptultchi Temples (Book)

Archotheistic Heliolatry in the Post-Schismatic Yophenthean Communion (Treatise)

The Ardawandali Anonymous, 1st millennium BA, Flood Epic of Ardawan, Ancient Midretassene (Original in Kalaman)

The Art and Practice of Goetic Magic (Book)

Asbard Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Asbardian Language

Asbard Proceedings of the General Congress of Bryndyd

Asbard Bestiary of Throes

Asbard War Dragons (Book), Bragand dhal Ithraig

The Aurician Commercial Empire, {Throvian Author}, 2734 IR, the commercial ties, leagues, financial practices, corpora mercia, government policies of Aurice; Throvian Language

Aurician Military Engagements of the Great Pytharnian War (Book)



The Bahraz

The Bathtimes of Lord Ulcanov (Libretto and Opera)

The Battle of Pytharnia One Hundred Years Later (Book), Ontairgain dalg Mehailgean, 2674 IR, Pivotal Battle of Pytharnia in GSW, Pytharnian Language, translated into Medibgóëse Language and Asbardian Language shortly after first publication.

Best Loved Goscund Bards (Book); author; 2603; biography of selected Goscund Bards, their lives and works; Throvian Language

Bickerbat’s Tales (Children’s stories told by a talking horse; originally from the Shadmaus)

Bitter Herbs of Barathorn, {anonymous}; 2609 IR; a collection of traditional recipes from Barathornese chefs and households

Bizzello’s Aurician Gourmet (Book), attributed to Bizzello, new edition 2573 IR; Recipe Book attributed to Bizzello, but widely revised and republished, Bizzello, the famous chef of the 2200’s; Throvian Language

Book of the Tamdari, Lord Shemun of Sungo

Bwenghia (Book) (Region of Za-Bahuna)



Catalogue of the Witchlands, Griffain Vedachier of Magetown; 2643; list and description of the Throe Wastes of Throvy; Throvian Language

Children of Besheth, Rhionantis the Younger of Aurice, 2614 IR, Children of the Incarnandina and their roles in the Psychic Crusades, especially Fifth Psychic Crusade, Throvian Language

Collection of Thetzisari Idioms, Agdaskalos

Constitutions of the Empire (Law) [of Magdala]

Corundian Book of Manic Devotions chaos worship

Corundy and the Fifth Geddamin War (Book), Rhionantis the Elder of Aurice, published 2611, Causes, Events, and interpretation of the Fifth Geddamin War, Throvian Language

Cospian Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Cospian Language

Costumes of the Magdalan Court in the Twenty Seventh Century (Book)

The Cult of Lygdamion in Ancient Malesggia (Book), 2407 IR, Ithatian Language

The Curse of House Bijäl (Opera), librettist/composer, 2653 IR; the work treats the last years of the life of Stalcast Bijäl, including his tragic death in a hunting accident, 3 Acts; libretto written in Tassan Language with some phrases in Thracian Language.

Cyclopedia of Natural Philosophy various authors, 2587, (19 volume set); simultaneously published in Classical Yophenthean Language and Medibgóëse Language



The Death of Tavikre Shawath

Decree of Grand Duke Stalcast Bijäl Concerning Corundy (2584 IR) (Law), Grand Duke Stalcast Bijäl|Duke Stalcast Bijäl, 2584, Legal Decree that the mainland of Corundy is free from all Gorcorumbese Dominion

Decree of Universal Emancipation throughout the Grand Duchy of Aurice (2576 IR) (Law), Grand Duke Stalcast Bijäl|Duke Stalcast Bijäl, Legal Decree that all serfs are free and that lords may no longer claim their servitude.

A Demonology of High Midretasso (Book)

The Dialogues of Mando, Mando, Classical Ithatian Language

The Diaspora of the Parkyon Tribe (Book), author, 2589, spread of people of Parkyon extraction throughout Barathorn, Orrhymby, and elsewhere; Parkyon Language

Disquisition of the Proofs of Interpenetrating Worlds (Treatise), {Asbardian Author}; 2643 IR; highly technical magical treatise about multi-planar nature of existence in the present world; Asbardian Language

The Dradvona Herbary

Dragonback Warriors, {Asbardian Author}, 2582 IR; hardy, dedicate dragonmount warriors of Pytharnia and their role in the Great Sky War; Asbardian Language

The Drameggin Book of Seers, (authorship dubious and content spurious, purportedly Antediluvian)

Dwarven Architecture in Human Cities (Book)

Dwarven Courtship Customs of the High Jaggudorns (Book)

Dwarven Family Customs (Book)

Dwarven King Lists of Ancient Bukalaa (Book)

Dwarven King Lists of Ancient Ithrads (Book)

Dwarven King Lists of Tauhad, anonymous, spans several millennia, stone inscriptions, dwarven cuneiform; the original stone tablets are in Tauhad; paper copies are available with translation and commentary

Dwarven Mechanical Engineering before the Twenty Fifth Century IR (Book),

Dwarven Stone Relief of the FirstKingdom of Dagdoria (Book),



Early Air Battles of the Titancraft Age (Book), Author, 2658 IR, Gorcorumbese and early human titancraft air vessels, Covers about 2580 to 2620 IR, Asbardian Language

The EmptyTemple of the Old Religion (Book), {Elmundler Author}, 2703 IR, discusses the decline of the Isxinthion Gods and the progressive withdrawal of divine manifestation over the past one thousand years; the book provoked great controversy in the decade it was released.

Encyclopedia Pallathantica, mid-2600’s up to present, Medibgóëse Language, Ithatian Language

Eradication of Chaos Cults in Imperial Law (Book)

Erechórebese Book of Manic Devotions, anonymous; 2200’s IR; chaos worship; Erechórebese Language

Erechórebese Breviary, Holy See of Yophénthë

The Esthetics of Gorcorumbese Titancraft (Book)



Fables of Ebinóë (Book), Ebinóëse Language

The Fate of Gungglos (Book)

Festschrift for Kirxionantine of the Long Sleeves Various Authors, 2518 IR, at this time about fifty years after the Psychic Crusades, wizards and wizardry had become less suspect in society that no longer instantly saw them as accomplices of the Gods of Chaos.  This Festschrift published in Deliops in the Ithatian Language had many articles that conveyed the lawful and self-restrained aspects of wizardry and alchemy and their benefits to society.

Field Guide to Goblin Death Traps of the Wild Jaggudorns

Five Ages or the Rationalized History of Gods and Humans, completed 2714 IR; Parrhomigo, Rhaaltheptis|Rhaaltheptis Parrhomigo

Five Lives of the Princes of Chaos, 2579 IR, Amric Ethuve,

From Archmagedom to Arch-Duchy: A History of Asbardy, author, 2703 IR, covers ca 2200 to ca 2680, the establishment of Bexaoth to the outcome of the GPW.



Gastronomer’s Guide to Trevirs {Pytharnian Author}, 2748 IR, guide with names, locations, brief descriptions of the best eateries and taverns in Trevirs with directions to the various eating districts

God’s Whirlwind: The Psychic Crusades, Thulinantis Tepriax of Zamaclë, 2568 IR, outlines and highlights the chief events of the crusades (2423 to 2476 IR) and discusses the swiftness and far-reaching consequences; Ithatian Language.

The Golden Age of Dragonmount Warfare in Pytharnia and Barathorn (Book), {Gonfalese Author}, 2613 IR, history and development of dragonmount warfare in Pytharnia and Barathorn, presents major battles; Gonfalese Language

Golden Book of Aurice, various, ca 2560, government document that records the names and pertinent info of duly-registered nobles in Throvy and Aurice.

Goscundian Bestiary of Throes

Goscundian Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Throvian Language

Grand Duke Stalcast Bijäl: The Phœnix of Aurice (Book), Vedaius Skain (2675 to 2746), 2713 IR, comprehensive biography of Stalcast Bijäl from birth to death, Throvian Language

The Great Ruby Road: Barathorner Portaging (Book), {Erechórebese Writer},  2672 IR, Cities and townships along the Great Ruby Road, method of portaging, kinds of portagers;

Great Trade Ships of the Pallathantic (Book)




Habitat of the Organchan Vorax (Book), {Ithatian Author}, 2684 IR; ecological book about the colossal organchan vorax; Ithatian Language

Halfling Waygods of High Pytharnia (Book)

Handbook of Troll Cant, Handsigns, and Customs, {Agogian Author}, 2692 , emphasis on Shadevan Trolls, with a little bit on Vadsinkoinen and Barathorner trolls.

Heraldry of the Empire of Magdala (Book)

Hermeneutics of the Lygdamionic Cantos (Book), authorship; 2537; various methods of interpreting Lygdamionic Verse from various books of manic devotions (Chaos Poetry); Tassan Language

History of Dwarven Architecture of the Jaggudorns (Book)

A History of Erechóreb, (pre-Goldenling, Goldenling, Post-Yophenthean to present day), 21 volume set




The Illusion of Heterodoxy in Historic Chaos Cults (Treatise)

Implements of Chaos: Guide to Bladewringing Swords and Daggers of the Late Middle Ages, author, year, subject, language

Indolise of Bryndyd (Tragedy) 2556, Leigourth of Gonfaloy, comic then tragic theatrical account of Indolise of Bryndyd in three acts, originally in the Thracian Language, but soon translated into the Medibgóëse Language

Institutes of Ancient Yophenthean Law (Book)

Intrigues of the Late Bijälen Court|Intrigues of the Late Bijälen Court (Book), Perevath Chandomiddo, written 2700-2710 IR,  (covers 2574 to 2627, but focuses on 2590 to 2634, the reigns of Vast and Rhungast Bijäl and ending with the Battle of Kadraskan and the death of Rhoglos Bijäl)

The Incarnature



A Journey through Six Provinces of Sungo (Book)




Kalikán Kingship of Thrace and the Imperial Apparatus in the Twenty Sixth Century (Treatise)

The Kaphrimmoth

The Kingdoms of Leh-Shelekhumbis (Book), Author; 2697; Political History of Shelekhumbia from ancient times; Tassan Language



The Last Voyage of Darvak Manukvar (Book) (Thworganian)

Law of the Sixteen Golden Tablets (Inscription),  early Yophenthean

Legend of Saint Gidhoniel (Epic),  Taphithiya of Aurice, composed ca. 2500’s, epic account of St. Gidhoniel Kab S’ephah in the Fifth Psychic Crusade, Khahonri Language, translated into Aurician Throvian in late 2500’s

Legends of the Witchlands (Book), author, year, compilation of legends told about the Throe Wastes of Throvy; Throvian Language



Magic: A Dangerous Servant (Book), author, 2184 IR, warns about the dangers of magic to the practitioner and the community, Dúrandworese Language

Magnificent Ruination of Old Yophénthë, author, 2513 IR, Travel Guide to great ruins of ancient Yophénthë.

The Majestic Order of the Heavens, (Astronomy, 17 books)

Medibgösk Book of Manic Devotions

Metamagics (Treatise), Mando

Minor Devil Cults of Lake Vimal (Book), Author, year, worship of semi-divine and minor divinities and devils of high Johaulia, especially LakeVimal, Tassan Language

Minotaur Cults and Cultists of Northern Danona (Book)

Modern Human Surgery (Book), 2634 IR

Modern System of Astronomy (Book), (Simebal Dalib, Shelekhumbian, ca 2550 IR), 17 books



A Necessary Evil (Book), Author, ca 1300’s, Magic as a dangerous tool, Ebinóëse Language

Necromantic Tradition in the Midretassene School, {Johaulian Author}, 2518 IR, the historic origins of necromancy in ancient Midretasso, influences in modern magecraft; Tassan Language

The Necropolis of Cetibrymio (Book), {Corundian Author}, 2315 IR, at this time, the prevailing worship of chaos meant that no official government would object to an archeological exploration of the Necropolis of Cetybrymio; Corundian Language, subsequently translated into Tassan Language

The Nesography of Kaddis the Lesser, Kaddis the Lesser

The New Gateway to the Jaggudorns: The Five Locks Project (Book), {Throvian Author}, 2742 IR, the ambitious project to build locks to circumvent the five cataracts of the Shadmaus and enable river barge traffic from the Pallathantic into the High Shadevan, Throvian Language

Noble Families of High Pytharnia (Book)



Obscenities of Chaos Cults in Pre-Psychic Crusader Aurice (Book)

Old Gods of Khesheph (Book), {Cospian Author}, early 2200’s, gods and religion of pre-Salmakhamer Khesheph, related to Thammazite Gods; Ithatian Language

Old Neptultchi Stone Monuments (Books)

On Hormastics, Abbiachus

On Human Origins

On The Ancient Systems of Magecraft

Orgiastic Cult of Rhio (Book), {author}, 2567 IR, describes the religious practices of the worshipers of the god Rhio, Classical Yophenthean Language

The Origins of Fey Humanlikes in Northern Pytharnia

Our Heritage of Incarnandist Saints (Book), 2619, Rhionantis the Younger of Aurice, lists numerous Incarnandist Saints through the centuries with emphasis on Throvian Saints like St. Olmima Olima of the Glade; Throvian Language

The Outpouring, St. Melíbdë the Barren



Paradeisius’ Guide to Asdar, Paradeisius Iugain

Paradeisius’ Guide to the Shanjari Caliphate, Paradeisius Iugain

Parkyons: The First Skymen of Barathorn, {Amerzcelindot Author},

Perils and Science of the Good Goddess (Work on Gwona and Neehore)

Perspectives on Classical Elementology (Book)

The PresentState of the Gorcorumbese Empire of the Ephysgæes

Principles of Kirxionantine Alchemy (Book)

Principles of Magdeology (Book)

Pytharnian Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Pytharnian Language

Pytharnian Breviary, Holy See of Pytharnia

Pytharnian Household Farm Guide



Rangers of the Umbardian Woodlands (Book)

The Ray of Wizardry (Book), 17 volume set, codex

Reminders of the Blood Feud in Modern Dwarven Conventions (Book)

Rock Carvings of the Thetzisari (Book)

The Role of Primeval Ages in Epic Poetry, 2707; Parrhomigo, Rhaaltheptis



The Saga of Anatar the Guileless (occurred 1600’s; composed 1700’s in Thrace)

Saturnine Fever: Symptoms and Treatments (Book)

Saurian Domestication in the Medibgösk Tradition (Book)

Secrets of Dwarven Dragonrail in Pytharnia (Book)

A Serene Madness: The Mind of the Chaos Cultist, author, 2649 IR,

Shagrela’al: Cradle of Imzaha, Author (Book); 2562;

Shelekhumbite Book of Manic Devotions, Anonymous, 2200’s IR, chaos worship, Thammazite Language

Shenimite Hymnal, traditional, Khahonri Language, local printings have glossary in local language

Skyfaring Nations of Colnoria and Jasturia (Book), Author, 2633 IR, ancient skytribes of western Jaggudorns before and after the exodus of the Parkyons,

Spiritual Quest for Tangible Azalamb, Tenedrin Calchamas ca. 2740’s

The Story of the Great Pytharnian War; Author; 2693; broad, easy to understand account of GPW; Medibgóëse Language, translated into Pytharnian, Asbardian, Ithatian, Dúrandworese, Throvian, and others (Book)

A Study of Non-Doctrinarian Psychic Meditations (Book), Author; 2557; guide to psychic meditations exclusive of religion; Ithatian Language

A Survey of Schools of Titancraft since the Great Pytharnian War (Book)

The Sword of the Maiden of Zephas, Irchoram of Asberdon, 2540’s IR, Epic Lay, Asbardian Language

Symbolism of Clerical Artwork of Post-Medieval Johaulia, Rhaaltheptis Parrhomigo; published 2698; Academic; Tassan Language



Tales of Old Pytharny

The Thramaiana, oral tradition, attributed to Memerth, recorded ca. 500’s IR

Temples and Treasures of Neptultchi Pytharnia (Book)

Thirteen Days Among the Uglyami (Book), author, 2618, gritty adventure story; Pytharnian Language

Timanthionic Book of Aeons legendary

Titan Machinery

Titancraft Hollow-Hulled Chamber Lift Systems (Treatise)

Titancraft Revolution (Book)

Titancraft War Vessels of Aurice (Book)

Titanology and Titancraft (Book)

Traditional Thracian Geethe Husbandry (Book)

Transformative Energetics (Treatise)

Transgenic Wizardry in Theory and Practice (Treatise) {Ebinóëse Author}, 2733 IR

Trollish and other Humanlike Pidgins of the Shadmaus (Book)

Tuadbe Witch Rocks (Book), {Pytharnian Author}, 2545 IR, location, nature, and folklore of onkirgs in southern Pytharnia, Pytharnian Language



Ugorth the Archmage (Romance)



Victory Over Trevirs (Book), {Asbardian Author}, 2581 IR, Battle of Pytharnia (2573 IR), Asbardian Language



The Wars of Imperial Hantania (Book) (eleven volume set)

Wilderness Guide to High Thrace (Book)

The Witch and the Tisbajiya: The Second Battle of the Archmage, Aiachourn dhal Caspain, 2687 IR, account of the life and struggle of Shadirya of Zephas, Psychic Crusader and slayer of Bexaloth|Bexaloth Archmage of the Infinite Elements of Eternal Chaos in (2446 IR).  The reference ‘Witch’ refers to secondary name of the Seventh Psychic Crusade and the ‘Tisbajiya’ is the word in the Khahonri language for a female Psychic Crusader, Asbardian Language

Wizardry among the Ithatian Ruling Classes of the Heroic Age (Book), author; 2334; practice and dissemination of wizardry among Ithatian Heroes in the Fifth Century BA, Ithatian Language

The Woes of Yophenthea (Epic), attributed to Dántherak Spelúntomil, epic of the fall of Yophenthea and the redemption of Prince Dántherak, ca. late 1800’s; Late Classical Yophenthean Language

Wyvern Migratory Routes and Weirs of Agogia (Book)




Yophentheanizing Elements of Late Medieval Tapestry of Johaulia, 2701; Parrhomigo, Rhaaltheptis



Zafayat’s Guide to Gastronomy of High Aurice

Zankiphresil, “The Seven Books of God” Ammudiyn


Book, Codex, Libram, Grimoire, Manual, Cyclopedia, Tome

Bestiary, History, Cosmology, Cosmography, Cosmogony


Book of Locks and Claves

Book of Primes and Orals


Erechórebese Breviary

Incarnandist Scripture

Pytharnian Breviary

Triumph Eulogy (cf. Ardawandali)

Poetic recounting of the heroics of the Psychic Crusades, minstrels



See in the new wiki for an updated article.

born 2287, slain 2434, ruled 2319 to 2434. Truly the most infamous Chaos Ruler of the Middle Ages, Prince Ulcanov exercised a natural gift for chaos magic with an instinctual insight into spellcasting. Capricious, cruel, and darkly imaginative, Ulcanov became lord of Corundy and Throvy, ruling out of his bale palace, the Gourd of Summons, that fed on the blood of children, crawling over land and sea.  He insisted upon many styles, most notably, “Tyrant of Irresistible Chaos, Duke Chaotic of Fair Corundy, King of Aurice, Nephew of Chaos Immanent, Lord of the Nine and Ninety Sounds.”

Ulcanov through his wicked concourse with gods of Chaos, placed his various bodily members and organs in different containers when he slept through the night, his soul voyaging through alien planes and realms beyond our own. In the morning at the conclusion of his travels, his members reassembled into his corporeal form.  Each box holding an organ or member was thoroughly enchanted to prevent tampering or removal by any would-be assassin or usurper.  Several attempts brought about the gruesome deaths of their perpetrators.  The heart box, for example was guarded by a rare female Aio (a race of Chaos) who sang in multiple dimensions and drove the listener permanently mad.

Wielding the already ancient Scarab-of-Night-Turned-Day, Ulcanov destroyed the noble warriors who revolted against his evil reign and forced the survivors to give birth to throe-children through the navel, to form a new army to serve him.  This obscenity, causing one gender unnaturally and with excruciating pain to perform the behavior of the other alone has fouled Ulcanov’s already hateful memory through the ages.

Prince Ulcanov enslaved throes, magical beasts of chaos, to construct a great statue rising out of the sea south of Aurice to commemorate the Anarchs, the most powerful gods of Chaos. The monument was of colossal size and years after Ulcanov’s rule was reshaped into the likeness of the Isxinthion god, Amrulon, since it was impractical to have it destroyed.

His summoned army of throes and human minions warred continuously against the bisontaur forces of the Great Khan to the east. During these wars, the Witchlands or Throe Wastes arose east of Throvy through the use of baneful chaos magic, due in no small part to Ulcanov’s wizardry.

He is called “of the Shattered Waters” for his peculiar use of the Scarab-of-Night-Turned-Day to affect the waters in which the city of Aurice rests. His powerful magics caused the waters to behave completely alien to natural water, generating holes, cracks, and fissures in the sea. Thus the waters were said to be shattered.

The Gourd of Summons, as Prince Ulcanov called it, was the beetling, monstrous palace in which he resided. Legend says that the palace devoured some of the islands of Aurice and created new rivens, although this is now considered apocryphal by most scholars. The Gourd of Summons moved slowly but steadily and could cover both land and water and on some occasions flew under Prince Ulcanov’s influence. The gourd’s architecture was alien, beautiful, and thoroughly enchanted. The faces of the palace bore the likenesses of the victims and favorites of Prince Ulcanov, animate and posing, as if trapped in glass.

During the reign of Prince Ulcanov of the Shattered Waters, there were many who presented themselves to the Prince as Juffas. The Prince both rejected and slew them until no such candidates visited his court any longer. In turn, the Prince sought out potential Juffas and slew them. This is one reason that some believe Airdred the Wily avoided the court of Ulcanov, though in fact Airdred never made any pretense to the role of Juffa. Some say that Prince Ulcanov was an usuccessful Juffa and thus detested those who would achieve what he failed to accomplish.

Prince Ulcanov was slain in the Fifth Psychic Crusade, 2343 IR, by Gidhoniel Kab S’ephah, a powerful psychic warrior and older brother to then Incarnandina, Eseleth Kath Besheth. Gidhoniel slew Prince Ulcanov by means of the Sword Wanewake in personal combat.  According to legend, Gidhoniel said calmly, ‘I release you,’ when he plunged the sword Wanewake into Ulcanov’s heart.

Lord Khavost Olima was a loyal servant to Ulcanov whose more famous daughter, St. Olmima Olima, converted to Incarnandism and founded a monastic order. Amnwbis of Medibgö slew Khavost Olima in combat.

The Bathtimes of Lord Ulcanov, written in the twenty seventh century, is an Aurician opera set in the palace of Lord Ulcanov.

See Also
Chaos Magic
Chaos Rulers
Gourd of Summons

b ?, r 2315, d 2450?. By his own statements, Lord Kualotha was born an androgyne and blessed of the gods of Chaos. By the statements of his contemporaries, Lord Kualotha was moderate in his tyranny, untypical of Chaos Rulers, but nonetheless indulged in flights of fancy and whimsy. He styled himself “Lord Kualotha, Blessed of the Anarchs and Friend of Many” and often referred to Prince Ulcanov as “my wicked, older brother.” One of the few Chaos Rulers who was not actually slain in Psychic Crusade, Lord Kualotha lived in exile in the Disdrire Forest where it is believed he passed into another plane of existence through the use of his chaos magic. During his rule, he promoted the study of chaos magic or anything that appeared to teach chaos magic. Trevirs became a center of magical learning, not all of which was chaotic.

He earned the epithet “of the Groaning Earth” for the dull groaning that indeed accompanied him wherever he walked. He held the powers of earth in great esteem and many of his magics drew from the earth below him. He caused earthquakes through his magics on several documented occasions to protect the city of Trevirs from invading hordes out of the Jaggudorns. Such quakes would level farmhouses and manors in the hills of High Pytharnia without so much as knocking a teacup out of the cabinet in the city of Trevirs. Citizens and visitors to Trevirs would utter in hushed tones, “The earth groans under his weight” and such groaning signaled his advent.

Kualotha is held in mixed remembrance in the minds and hearts of the inhabitants of the High Pytharnia. When asked about the droves of orphans running through the streets of the Trevirite ghettoes, he ordered them gathered up to live in his palace for several weeks. After a month of enduring Lord Kualotha’s largesse and bizarre eccentricity, the orphans fled to the countryside in search of farm labor. Many of today’s children’s stories are said to come from the actual accounts of the orphans after they left the palace and they are popular not only in High Pytharnia but in many other lands. The book Tales of Old Pytharny compiled in the century following Lord Kualotha preserves many of them.

A less amusing episode recounts that Lord Kualotha once flooded his palace with magical, therapeutic mud so that his servants could enjoy a good cleaning as well as him. An aristocrat complained mirthfully to him that he had drowned several of the palace staff to which Lord Kualotha replied, “They would never have been buried so splendidly had they lived.”

Lord Kualotha was a tall and slender human with long, flowing blond hair and green eyes that became deeper and more gem-like through his life. His features were thought the best of both male and female genders and he was considered handsome or beautiful depending upon the observer’s perspective. He preferred dressing in men’s clothing, albeit with loud colors and much flair, stating that “my mother raised me to be a man, so why disappoint her?” Despite his claims of natural androgyny, many detractors spread the belief that he became male and female through the use of his magics, his birth gender being male. He rarely took issue with this wide-spread belief which further fed its credibility. On days he considered holidays, he would dispense with clothing altogether, saying his robes were on holiday.

In addition to sponsoring the study of magic and the wizards’ council of Trevirs, Kualotha led several successful campaigns against the Jaggudorns and the Medibgösk Emperor, compelling him to sue for peace.  His seemingly limitless ability to bring about earthquakes was cause enough for the dwarves of the Jaggudorns and the Ithrads to lavish gifts upon the Chaos Ruler of Trevirs.

It became clear to Kualotha that the Sky Psychic Crusade was en route to High Pytharnia and would probably destroy him as so many other Chaos Rulers had already succumbed. Lord Kualotha abdicated his power to the council of wizards and fled to the north into the Great Disdrire where he lived for many years. According to the accounts of his servants, when he no longer could endure his life, he invoked great magics of chaos and vanished into another dimension of existence.

His life and rule are chronicled in the book Five Lives of the Princes of Chaos by Amric Ethuve who drew from sources contemporary to Lord Kualotha, including Tales of Old Pytharny.

See Also
Aliskémon Tharstros
Amric Ethuve
Chaos Rulers of the Middle Ages
Five Lives of the Princes of Chaos
High Pytharnia
Tales of Old Pytharny

Many of the numerous civilizations of Asdar use their systems to measure time.  Here are the most widely use calendars on modern-day Asdar along with some historic ones.

Calendar System Abbreviation Event Year One (sec. IR) 1 IR 2751 IR
Isxinthion Reckoning IR Epiphany of Amrulon 1 IR 1 IR 2751 IR
Titanic Reckoning TR Founding of Ambróctë 9,243 BA 9,244 TR 11,994 TR
Amandal Reckoning AR
Tauhad SFT Founding of Tauhad 8,763 BA 8764 SFT 11,515 SFT
Yophenthean YR Founding of Yophénthë 1168 IR 1169 Before YR 1584 YR
Aurician NRR Noble Republic 2627 IR 2626 Before NRR 125 AC

See Also
Chronology and the Present Century
The Planets


Asdaran gunpowder is called dwarvenfire and its discovery is attributed to the dwarves centuries ago. It is rarely used in open warfare due to the wide range of anti-combustion magics that render it useless. In the modern world of Asdar, the loud-sounding dwarvenfire weapon is considered crude and indelicate compared to the range of conventional bladed and magearm weapons available for use to a large fighting force. Nevertheless, dwarvenfire weapons are very effective when free of anti-combustion magic. For this reason, they are often chosen by individuals and for small-scale deployment of special troops against an enemy who does expect their use. They are also ideal for hunting game and effective for slaying magical beasts against whom magearms are useless.

Dwarves employ finely crafted dwarvenfire artillery to defend their mountain fastnesses. These artillery are mounted in strategic locations where permanent counter-spells exist to negate anti-combustion magics. Powerful priest-nobles during the Yophenthean Empire wielded hieratic spells that neutralized dwarvenfire, but after the fall of the Empire, the use of dwarvenfire, particularly among the dwarves resurged. Magic-enhanced dwarvenfire continues to play an important role in the military strategy of dwarven nations, especially in Pytharnia and the Jaggudorns. Genuine, dwarven-smithed dwarvenfire weapons command a high price throughout the Pallathantic. They are not only highly prized for their fine craftsmanship but also for their rarity as the dwarves are characteristically unwilling to give or sell them, even for a great price.

Dwarvenfire was not widely employed among human militaries due to commonly used anti-combustion magics that were employed routinely during the Yophenthean Empire, although they existed much earlier. Nearly all human terms for dwarvenfire and related technology are derived from dwarven languages of Pytharnia and the Jaggudorns. Human use of dwarvenfire is limited to individuals for hunting game, fighting magical beasts, and self-defense, although the last use relies upon an opponent who does not expect dwarvenfire. Dwarvenfire arms are often seen as the weapon of choice for small-time assassins.

In 27th century (2600’s), humans developed magic-enhanced dwarvenfire weapons on a mass scale. The individual weapon was housed in a titancraft shield with a very small amount of panox powder that reduced or negated the effect of anti-combustion magic. It is possible with a higher amount of panox to make a shield that can counter-act nearly any conventional anti-combustion magic, but the cost of the panox makes this prohibitive for large-scale deployment in a fighting force. Thus, dwarvenfire use among humans is limited to hunting, individual protection, and the elimination of an enemy who does not expect it. Dwarvenfire is ineffective against powerful wizards of Pytharnia at close range who regularly employ anti-combustion magic. The long history of dwarvenfire in Pytharnia has made this essential to their protection.

Dwarven Firearms
Dragonbore, dragonbuss, thunderbuss (Thracian) (compare musket) (muzzle-loading)
Dragon-gun (braced against dwarf’s shoulder)

Firearms, breech-loading, muzzle-loading (musket)
artillery, mortar indirect fire, cannon direct fire

See Also

b 2097 IR, 2172 died; Ruler of Aurice, 2137 to 2172; established the order of the Knights-Magi of Aurice in 2129 IR. Ugorth the Archmage did much to advance the practice of magic in Aurice and Throvy. His legacy established the productive use of magic for society. In addition to his service to society, Ugorth dabbled in all manner of magical schools and was given to long stretches of privacy in dedication to his art. Later ages would call on the name of Ugorth to defend the lawful integration of magic into society after the Middles Ages of Chaos.

Ugorth was born in the Eyfrey Forest and learned a mixture of folk magic and some academic magic from his parents at a young age. His father was slain by an invasion of bisontaurs when Ugorth was only thirteen. Despite this tragedy, Ugorth showed considerable talent and his grandfather sent him to be an apprentice under the wizard Tamunar in Vilangril. At this time, the Throe Wastes did not yet exist and Vilangril was a prosperous town on the edge of the plains. Ugorth soon exceeded the craft of his master Tamunar and the young wizard returned home to visit his family for a few weeks. He promptly left to travel abroad for nearly ten years. He returned with a sizable fortune and bought a small palazzo in Aurice where he delved deeply into his wizard studies. Ugorth lectured on rare occasion for the benefit of the local society of wizards and acquired a significant personal library of magical and non-magical codices. Tomes accepted as genuine antiques from his library command fantastic fortunes in the rare book market. He established a following of wizards and with the blessing of the Duke, created the Knights-Magi of Aurice in 2129 IR.

Ugorth became more and more involved in the politics of the city of Aurice as Tontegal, the Duke of Aurice and Mage Senate called upon his services more and more to defend the city from foreign wizards, ravaging sky tribes, and, most of all, bisontaur invasions from Eloaria. Ugorth excelled in wizardry and was able to make decisions that ensured good outcome for his exploits. During this time, fellow wizards acknowledged that Ugorth was indeed an archmage, although he openly declined such compliments.

In 2135, Tontegal began to fear Ugorth’s growing influence in politics and the wizard’s magical prowess. He sent Ugorth on missions to the eastern edge of the territory, secretly plotting the wizard’s demise. But Ugorth through his resourceful wit, staved off assassination attempts and always came home triumphant to Aurice. At length, the Duke of Aurice coerced the Senate into charge Ugorth with crime of consorting with demons. Instead of fleeing, Ugorth faced the trial and was exonerated. Enraged by the outcome of the trial, Duke Tontegal ordered the dissolution of the Mage Senate and sent sorcerer mercenaries to slay Ugorth. Duke Tontegal retained loyal wizards from the former Mage Senate and installed them in his newly created Council of Wizards of Aurice. The Archmage fled to ‘Under Aurice,’ the deep warren of tunnels and dry caverns beneath Aurice that have sheltered her exiles and vagabonds for millennia. Ugorth gathered allies both above and below the surface of the earth.

In 2136, a great body of bisontaurs invaded and occupied eastern Throvy. Duke Tontegal was slain in 2137 by a member of his guard. The Mage Senate re-convened and summoned Ugorth to be the principle member of their body. Ugorth Archmage led the desperate army of the duchy and defeated the bisontaurs in the [[Battle of the Malvatic Forest (2137 IR)]].

Ugorth avoided appearing constitutionally as a tyrant, but his hand and the strength of his persona shaped the policies and decrees of the Aurician Senate. In the year 2139, the Senate honored him with the title ‘Protector of Aurice.’
See Also
Battle of the Malvatic Forest (2137 IR)
Chronology of Aurice
Duke Tontegal of Aurice
Knights-Magi of Aurice
Tamunar of Vilangril

The horrendous wars and chaos magics of the Middle Ages created vast zones of warped magic in the great plains east of the present-day Aurician Empire. These vast zones of unpredictable and vacuous magic lie for the most part west of the great Thybdis River. The greatest Throe Waste is called the Great Mage Dearth and covers about a third of the province of Alascundy. Other Throe Wastes of great size are the Ulcanosto Waste, the Van Waste, the Shepherds Waste, the Durstnot Waste, the Hurstless Waste, and Airdred’s Waste.

Most of the witchlands as they are also known in Throvy were created during the Anarch Wars (begun 2415 IR).

A typical throe waste is stripped of most vegetation with a remnant of sand or dirt and crops of stunted plants. Few animals will enter or live in a throe waste and even most birds will fly around it.

The barren state of a throe waste is harmless compared to its magical corruption and imbalance. Most often, spellcasters find it impossible to cast a spell of any significance, for the panstream runs nearly dry. Less frequently, magical storms of intense power ravage the throe waste, wreaking havoc on persons, creatures, and titancraft which are sensitive to magical energy. Even everyday living creatures will suffer debilitating sickness and malnourishment after several days of exposure to a throe waste.

The Blackfire Hills stretch across the common frontier of Ferruvicar and the Aurician Province of Frantigoria. These small mountains share properties similar to the Throe Wastes, but the magic vacuum is generally less severe.

See Also

Titancraft turbine engine provides drive for the dragoncar. After 2350, Dwarves in cooperation with gnomes in the Ithrads, then the Jaggudorns, and later in Bukalaa (Barathorn), constructed vast, underground networks of dragonrail transportation. Dragonrail makes possible swift transportation of heavy goods and passengers over land or under the earth and is particularly vital to communicate the great populous areas of the coast with the inland frontiers. Dragonrail lines are usually constructed to work in cooperation with sea transportation.

The demand for expanding dragonrail service is great, but the dwarves and the rulers of the world are limiting its growth, ostensibly to prevent the spoiling of the landscape. Observers believe that the true reason is to dampen economic growth of their subjects and the subsequent call for progressive reforms in policies. Some say that the dwarves are behind this restrictiveness.

In the 2600’s, dwarves of the Jaggudorns in cooperation with humans of east Pytharnia built the first surface rails. Routes were constructed between Dwarven states to accommodate human-owned lines in accordance with treaty. Dwarves do not regularly permit human-operated dragoncars in the subterranean routes beneath their domains. The pace of the Great Pytharnian War accelerated the demand for Dragonrail transportation.

Aurice enlisted the aid of independently-minded dwarven engineers and began Dragonrail in Throvy and her Shadevan Colonies.

Aurician interests also pursued the development and construction of dragonrail through the heartlands of the Aurician Empire.

!Dragonrail Gauges
There are four principle gauges: Dwarven (Jaggudornish), Dwarven (Barathornish), Pytharnian, and Throvian. Jaggudornish Dwarven Dragonrail Gauge is a subterranean gauge used in all the Dwarven States of the Jaggudorns and in Tauhad. Barathornish Dragonrail Gauge is used in Bukalaa underground. Pytharnian Gauge is used on the surface in human nations of Pytharnia. Throvian Gauge is used in Throvy and other regions of the Aurician mainland empire. It is also used in Corundy.

See Also
Titancraft Chronology